General Posters and Reports
- Phase 2, National Science Foundation, Industry/University Cooperative Research Center Annual report for the period 03/01/2019 – 02/29/2020
- SCeMFiS: A Year in Review (2018) – Sara Pace
- SCeMFiS 2017 Timeline: A Year in Review – Kelsey Kuykendall
- I/UCRC 2017 Conference Poster – Eric Powell, Roger Mann, Kelsey Kuykendall, and Karen Reay
- SCEMFIS Establishes National Footprint in Fisheries Assessment and Survey Support Research – Kelsey Kuykendall
- 2015 SCeMFiS Research Highlights
- 2014 SCeMFiS Research Highlights
- SCeMFiS NSF Posters (Circles Green, Circles Pink)
- National Science Foundation Awards two Prestigious Research Internships to SCeMFiS Graduate Students – August 22, 2019
- New Study Finds Surfclams Uniquely Resilient in Face of Climate Change – June 19, 2019
- SCeMFiS Members Attend Seafood Expo North America Following Second National Science Foundation Grant – March 15, 2019
- Science Center for Marine Fisheries Continues Work with New National Science Foundation Grant – January 23, 2019
- SCeMFiS awards $164,000 in grants for Fisheries Research Projects – November 28, 2018
- SCeMFiS Allocates Funding for Seven Research Projects Impacting Fisheries Management – May 9, 2018, D’Iberville, MS
- SCeMFiS Announces Funding for Two Research Projects Impacting Fisheries Management – November 27, 2017
- Access to Surfclam (Spisula solidissima) Fishing Grounds Studied by SCeMFiS Scientists in Research Survey Cruise Southeast of Nantucket Island – August 11, 2017
- SCeMFiS Announces New Members: Intershell International Corporation and The Town Dock/Seafreeze, Ltd. – July 11, 2017
- SCeMFiS Announces Funding for Seven Research Projects Impacting Fisheries Management – June 12, 2017
- SCeMFiS Announces $200,000 for Fisheries Management Research on Mammals, Menhaden, Ocean Quahogs, Surf Clams – 2017
- Dameron-Kubiak Dredge Targets Juvenile Clams: Leads to More Sustainable Fisheries – 2016
- SCeMFiS Announces Funding for Four New Research Projects Impacting Fisheries Management – October 20, 2016
- Science Center for Marine Fisheries Collaborates With Independent Advisory Team (IAT) for Marine Mammal Assessments – February 24, 2015
- Science Center for Marine Fisheries Offers Stakeholders a Solution to the Difficult Task of Scientific Collaboration – February 24, 2015
- Science Center for Marine Fisheries (SCeMFiS) Funds Nine Research Programs for 2014 – USM, May 21, 2014
- Governor appoints VIMS professor, alum to state advisory board: VIMS – September 4, 2013
- Science Center for Marine Fisheries holds first meeting at GCRL’s Cedar Point site: Article in the Mississippi Press – June 21, 2013
- USM’s new president gets first tour of Gulf Coast Research Lab: Story on WLOX – June 21, 2013
- SCeMFiS Meeting Press Release – June 28, 2013
- New public-private research center will help foster sustainable fisheries – VIMS – March 27, 2013
Software and Data
- R-package for survey design analysis – PC file, Unix file. This package contains all of the functions for stratified random surveys developed for NEFSC by Stephen Smith in 2006 plus functions for post-stratification and domain estimates. Documentation is available using the R help() facility available for all packages once the package is installed
- Generation of GIS layers for Nantucket and Georges Bank closed areas – GIS Data (zip), Layers (zip), Files (.docx) and ASCII Data. Space delimited ASCII with self explanatory headers. Each station represents the same area, given the domain of the survey (about 29.4 km2.)
Technologies and Techniques
Ocean Quahog Ageing: SCeMFiS scientists produced the first population age frequencies for ocean quahogs in the northwest Atlantic more than doubling the number available worldwide. Ocean quahogs are the oldest living non-colonial animals with ages often exceeding 250 years. They are also a biomass dominant and support one of the largest shellfish fisheries. Understanding age frequency and thus recruitment dynamics is critical for managing this remarkable resource. In order to accomplish this, SCeMFiS scientists have developed an improved method for ageing clams. SCeMFiS has submitted this project for an NSF Breakthrough Award. The hinge region of each clam is photographed using a high-definition Olympus DP73 digital microscope camera using the Olympus CellSens microscope imaging software. This software permits photographs of the hinge region to be captured at a resolution high enough to distinguish annual growth lines without the use of a stain or acetate peel. The individual images are then stitched together automatically by the imaging software and each annual growth line recorded using the ObjectJ plugin in the software ImageJ. As a consequence, SCeMFiS has now aged more ocean quahogs than the cumulative number aged by all previous researchers, U.S. and foreign.
Wind Energy Development: In 2019 SCeMFiS began a series of studies designed to examine the influence of wind energy development on U.S. east coast fisheries and vessel transit. Among these is the acquisition of $500,000 in support from BOEM based on the application of SEFES, a fisheries simulator developed and originally implemented by SCeMFiS, to the question of wind energy development and its influence on the surfclam fishery. As of this writing, this model has also been chosen by the Sea Scallop Research Set-aside Program for the evaluation of wind energy development on the sea scallop fishery. SEFES (Spatially-explicit Fishery Economics Simulator) is an individual-based model of a temporally and spatially variable stock harvested by a fleet of commercial vessels. The primary model is written in Fortran 90 with post-processing in MatLab and statistical analysis using SAS (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC). SEFES is a unique model in incorporating vessel specific and captain specific behaviors in evaluating fishery performance.
Survey Dredge Calibration: SCeMFiS developed a depletion model simulator to evaluate performance of depletion experiments used to calibrate survey dredges. The Simulation Model allows the dredge with an assigned efficiency to catch clams in its path. These data are fed into a model previously available, the Patch Model, that uses the catch per tow data generated from the simulated depletion experiment to estimate gear efficiency, clam distribution, and clam density in the area. The Simulation Model allows for various inputs to be treated as predictors of model performance by examining the effects of initial stock abundance, distribution, and fishing behavior on stock removal and Patch Model efficiency estimates. The Simulation Model allows for the adjustment of factors some of which are normally unalterable or difficult to evaluate in designing an actual field experiment. Normally, the distribution and density of organisms on the bottom is unknown, for example. Dredge tow paths can be partly, but not completely controlled as tide and wind conditions affect vessel performance. The number of tows required is not known a priori. Results will be used to evaluate field experiment performance by comparing descriptive metrics derived from the simulation model and the field experiment.
Dameron-Kubiak Dredge: A fundamental challenge in marine benthic ecology and fishery assessment is to quantitatively collect small infaunal (within the sediment) target species that have non-uniform distribution and/or low mean density (number per unit area). Clams are a prime example of such a species. Previously available sampling gear was either grabs or cores that are limited in sample area and thus had high statistical probability of missing target species with low density; or lined dredges capable of covering large areas (integrating density) but with high retention of accompanying sediment and damage to the target species. The lined dredge also presented non-trivial challenges in deployment and retrieval in that a sediment-filled dredge can weigh several tons, thus challenging winches and creating the opportunity for marginal safety conditions for on-deck crew. SCeMFiS industry members designed and fabricated a research dredge with variable bar spacing (ability to change target size of species under examination) and in situ sample washing capability (wash sediment from the sample as it is collected on the sea floor). The dredge design was finalized between March and May 2014, fabricated in May-July 2014, and tested at sea in August 2014. The dredge performance exceeded expectations, providing high sample retention with little sample damage in a very safe and tractable operating environment. The dredge was tested on two fishery target species – surfclams and ocean quahogs – and proved to be comparable in retention efficiency to previously used lined dredges but with greater ease of use and far less retention of sediment. Increased retention also demonstrated heretofore undescribed localized high densities of pre-recruit-to-fishery-size clams – a positive demonstration of sustainable management success. The dredge was named the Dameron-Kubiak dredge after its designer (Captain T. Dameron) and lead fabricator (Mr. Kubiak) The new dredge was employed as a standard selectivity and juvenile survey dredge in the 2015 NEFSC survey and is anticipated to be a primary survey tool indefinitely into the future.
Testimony: “Reauthorization of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act: Oversight of Fisheries Management Successes and Challenges” September 12, 2017- SCeMFiS Vice-Chair, Greg DiDomenico, Executive Director, Garden State Seafood Association testifies at a hearing that focused on the perspectives of commercial, charter, and recreational fishermen on the state of our nation’s fishery laws.
Oversight Hearing: “Exploring the Successes and Challenges of the Magnuson-Stevens Act” July 19, 2017 – Witness testimony from IAB member and former Chair, Jeff Kaelin, Government Relations, Lund’s Fisheries, Inc. Memorandum / HR_200 Kaelin testimony / J. Kaelin oral statement
Theses and Dissertations
- Daley, T. Growth and Reproduction of Atlantic Chub Mackerel (Scomber Colias) in the Northwest Atlantic. (2018) University of Southern Mississippi.
- Kuykendall, K. Management strategy evaluation for the Atlantic surfclam, Spisula solidissima, using a fisheries economics model. (2015). University of Southern Mississippi.
- Pace, S. Evidence of multidecadal recruitment in ocean quahogs (Arctica islandica) in the western Atlantic Ocean. (2017). University of Southern Mississippi.
- Poussard, L. An Analysis of Dredge Efficiency for Surfclam and Ocean Quahog Commercial Dredges (2020). University of Southern Mississippi.
- Timbs, J. Spatial Distribution and Stock-Recruitment Analysis of the Atlantic Surfclam, Spisula solidissima, in the Mid-Atlantic Bight and on Georges Bank. (2018) University of Southern Mississippi
- Quahog Processing, Cutting, Polish, and Aging – Process involved in preparing shells for age analysis. (2019)
- Summer NOAA/NMFS Cruise Aboard the F/V ESS Pursuit to Survey Atlantic Surfclam and Ocean Quahog. (2018)
- Shell and Otolith Aging – What does SCeMFiS do and how does the research produced by the Center benefit industry partners? Find out in the short 4 minute video describing the shell aging project and its importance to fisheries management decisions. (2017)